A group of researchers at Sofia University has come up with evidence that the reason wormholes have never been observed is because they look almost identical to black holes.
In their paper published in the journal physical review d, Petya Nedkova, Galen Gyulchev, Stoycho Yazadzhiev and Valentin Delezhsky describe a theoretical linear polarization study from accumulation disc that would be located around a class of traversable stationary wormholes and compare the results with images black holes.
For many years, scientists and science fiction writers have considered the theoretical possibility of wormy. like this object, theory It will take the form of a tunnel of sorts, he suggests, that connects two different parts of the universe. Tunnel navigation would allow travel to distant destinations in ways unavailable to spaceships unable to move faster than spaceships light’s speed—choose a shortcut.
Unfortunately, no one noticed a wormhole or even any physical evidence They already exist. However, because the theory of its existence is so strong, astrophysicists assume that it does exist. The problem is that we either lack the technology to see it, or we haven’t researched it the right way.
In this new effort, researchers in Bulgaria suggest that the latter is the problem. They’ve found evidence, with theory, that they might be sitting up there in the night sky In plain sightAnd that the reason we don’t see them is because we misunderstand them for black holes.
The work involved studying wormhole theories and then applying the results to create simulations, focusing on the polarity of the light such an object would emit — as well as by taking into account the properties of the hypothetical disk surrounding its mouth. They then created direct and indirect images to depict the shape of the wormhole and compare it to black holes. They find that they look remarkably similar.
The researchers noted that it should be possible to distinguish between wormholes and black holes by observing the subtle differences between them, such as their polarization patterns, intensity, and also their radius.
Valentin Delisky et al., The polarized image of equatorial emission in horizonless spaces: transient wormholes, physical review d (2022). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.106.104024
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